In a current research project of the Research Association for Combustion Engines (FVV), OWI Science for Fuels gGmbH and the Institute of Internal Combustion Engines at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology aim to develop a new method for quickly and reliably analyzing and predicting the potential for reducing particulate emissions from alternative fuels and fuel blends.
In a current project, OWI Science4Fuels gGmbH and the Institute of Plastics Processing are investigating the compatibility of paraffinic fuels with plastics commonly used for tanks and fuel-carrying fittings of oil heating systems. In particular, the focus is on the effect in existing consumption plants for heating oil. The interaction with the tank materials polyethylene (PE) and polyamide (PA), with protective film made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), with seals made of elastomers and with other polymers used in fittings is investigated.
Climate protection with new low greenhouse gas diesel fuels is technically possible. Currently, paraffinic fuels such as hydrogenated vegetable and bio-oils as well as products from the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis are the most suitable diesel substitutes. Since fuels in Germany must consist of at least 70% mineral oil according to the current version of the Federal Immission Control Act, the use of pure kerosenes paraffines as low-GHG diesel fuels is not yet possible.
In a video about fuel research at OWI Science4Fuels, Karin Brendel, Sebastian Feldhoff and Wilfried Plum explain what properties new climate-friendly fuels must have before they can be sold at gas stations. Don't worry: Even those who didn't pay attention in chemistry class can easily follow this video about applied research for new climate-friendly fuels.
Many owners of new and older oil-fired heating systems would like to heat in a climate-friendly way. In a current research project, OWI Science for Fuels gGmbH and the Chair of Analytical Chemistry at the Institute of Chemistry at the University of Rostock are investigating what proportions of new low-greenhouse gas alternative fuels can be safely added to older heating systems.
In the future the preventive maintenance of metallic furnace components in industrial furnaces can reduce production losses and lower operating costs. OWI Science for Fuels gGmbH, the Department for Industrial Furnaces and Heat Engineering (IOB) at RWTH Aachen University and the Institute for Materials Science (IfW) at Darmstadt University of Technology intend to contribute to this target in a current research project.